I encountered this issue when using Windows Intune. When I tried to login to the company portal application on workstations or mobile phones on both Android, IOS and Windows using company\username and password, the ADFS page would blink shortly and return to the login screen once more.
Microsoft support instructed to check if our ADFS server had KB2843638 installed by running this powershell command “Get-Hotfix -id “KB2843638”
If it is possitive, request this hotfix from Microsoft and install on your ADFS server
All issues was solved and the Company Portal login worked perfectly in Windows Intune.